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An ensemble neural network for optimising a CNC milling process

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✍️ Authors: Patrick Mongan, Eoin Hinchy, Noel O'Dowd, Conor McCarthy, Nancy Diaz-Elsayed

πŸ”– Topics: Neural Network, CNC Milling, Genetic Algorithm

🏒 Organizations: Confirm Smart Manufacturing Research Centre, University of Limerick

Computer numerical control (CNC) milling is a common method for the efficient mass production of products. Process efficiency and product quality have a strong dependency on the cutting process conditions. Furthermore, optimising a process for material removal rate (MRR) and surface roughness (SR), which are measures of process efficiency and product quality, respectively, is a complex optimisation task due to their contrasting relationships with process parameters. In this work, CNC end milling is performed on aluminium 6061 to investigate the influence of key process input variables (feed per tooth, cutting speed, and depth of cut) on the machined part’s SR. Firstly, a full factorial parametric study is conducted and analysed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) before an Ensemble Neural Network (ENN) is trained on the experimental data. To capture the complex nonlinear relationships accurately, each base model of the ENN is a combined genetic algorithm-artificial neural network, whose hyperparameters are optimised using a Bayesian optimisation framework.

Read more at Journal of Manufacturing Systems

Quality prediction of ultrasonically welded joints using a hybrid machine learning model

πŸ“… Date:

✍️ Authors: Patrick G. Mongan, Eoin P. Hinchy, Noel P. ODowd, Conor T. McCarthy

πŸ”– Topics: machine learning, genetic algorithm, welding

🏒 Organizations: Confirm Smart Manufacturing Research Centre, University of Limerick

Ultrasonic metal welding has advantages over other joining technologies due to its low energy consumption, rapid cycle time and the ease of process automation. The ultrasonic welding (USW) process is very sensitive to process parameters, and thus can be difficult to consistently produce strong joints. There is significant interest from the manufacturing community to understand these variable interactions. Machine learning is one such method which can be exploited to better understand the complex interactions of USW input parameters. In this paper, the lap shear strength (LSS) of USW Al 5754 joints is investigated using an off-the-shelf Branson Ultraweld L20. Firstly, a 33 full factorial parametric study using ANOVA is carried out to examine the effects of three USW input parameters (weld energy, vibration amplitude & clamping pressure) on LSS. Following this, a high-fidelity predictive hybrid GA-ANN model is then trained using the input parameters and the addition of process data recorded during welding (peak power).

Read more at ScienceDirect