National University of Singapore

Assembly Line

Intelligent synthesis of magnetic nanographenes via chemist-intuited atomic robotic probe

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Quantum Computing

🏢 Organizations: National University of Singapore

Atomic-scale manufacturing of carbon-based quantum materials with single-bond precision holds immense potential in advancing tailor-made quantum materials with unconventional properties, which are crucial in developing next-generation spintronic devices and quantum information technologies. On-surface chemistry approaches, including surface-assisted synthesis and probe-assisted manipulation, are impeded by challenges in reaction selectivity control or restricted by scalability and production efficiency. Here we demonstrate the concept of the chemist-intuited atomic robotic probe by integrating probe chemistry knowledge and artificial intelligence, allowing for atomically precise single-molecule manipulation to fabricate single-molecule quantum π-magnets with single-bond precision. Our deep neural networks not only transform complex probe chemistry into machine-understandable tasks but also provide chemist intuition to elusive reaction mechanisms by extracting the critical chemical information within the data. A joint experimental and theoretical investigation demonstrates that a voltage-controlled two-electron-assisted electronic excitation enables synchronous six-bond transformations to extend the zigzag edge topology of single-molecule quantum π-magnets, triggered by phenyl C(sp2)–H bond activation, which aligns with initial conjectures given by the deep neural models. Our work represents a transition from autonomous fabrication to intelligent synthesis with levels of selectivity and precision beyond current synthetic tools for improved synthesis of organic quantum materials towards on-chip integration.

Read more at Nature