Petroleum and Coal

The Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining that involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation.In addition, this subsector includes establishments that primarily further process refined petroleum and coal products and produce products, such as asphalt coatings and petroleum lubricating oils.

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Detecting dangerous gases to improve safety and reduce emissions


Topics: Nondestructive Test, Machine Health

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: Emerson

The primary advantage of differential optical absorption spectroscopy is its scalability. Two elements are required: a calibrated light source tuned to emit a specific wavelength, and a receiver able to read the same wavelength. In some cases, the receiver must also read a reference source for comparison. The two elements can be within the same housing to function as a point detector, but the source and receiver can also be separated, sending a beam across an open path, looking for a cloud of the target gas to move into its field of view.

Read more at Plant Engineering

Additive Manufacturing Poised to Make a Value Impact on Oil & Gas Supply Chain


Topics: Additive Manufacturing

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: Velo3D

An end-to-end metal AM system allows OEMs to quickly manufacture mission-critical parts for O&G operators without extensive redesigns. Such a fully integrated solution consists of print preparation software that applies a generalized set of recipes based on the design’s native CAD file, a printer that executes the print file, and quality assurance software that ensures the health of the tool and monitors the build, layer-by-layer.

Additionally, the American Petroleum Institute has now published API20S, the first-ever O&G-industry sanctioned specification for metal AM. This spells out processes, testing, documentation and traceability, among other requirements, for manufacturers of metal AM components being used in O&G facilities of all types.

Read more at Industrial Distribution

Why ExxonMobil, Sinopec and Dow Are Betting On Plastic

Why Gas Prices In The U.S. Vary

Predictive Monitoring: Gas Turbines Demo

Real-Time Sensors Allow Data-Driven Monitoring of Flow-Measurement Systems


Author: Behzad Nobakht

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: TUV SUD National Engineering Laboratory

The downtime of manufacturing machinery, engines, or industrial equipment can cause an immediate loss of revenue. Reliable prediction of such failures using multivariate sensor data can prevent or minimize the downtime. With the availability of real-time sensor data, machine-learning and deep-learning algorithms can learn the normal behavior of the sensor systems, distinguish anomalous circumstances, and alert the end user when a deviation from normal conditions occurs.

Read more at Journal of Petroleum Technology

Robotic Inspection for Aboveground Storage Tanks


Topics: robotics, nondestructive test

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal, Pulp and Paper

Organizations: Gecko Robotics

Aboveground Storage Tanks (AST) are vital assets for many industries including, power, paper and pulp, oil and gas, chemical, and even beverage production. Routine inspection of external and internal tank components is beneficial for understanding its condition and is required by federal and local laws and regulations. Robot-enabled ultrasonic testing (UT) offers a unique solution to AST inspections because they save plant operators valuable resources while providing more asset coverage and actionable data.

Read more at Gecko Robotics Blog

The Cost of Unplanned Downtime for Refineries


Topics: predictive maintenance, machine health

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: Gecko Robotics

According to the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AlChE), the cost of missed production for a U.S. refinery with an average-sized fluid catalytic cracking unit of 80,000 barrels per day will range from $340,000 a day at profit margins of $5 per barrel, to $1.7 million a day at profit margins of $25 per barrel, based on a conservative estimate. A single, unplanned shutdown that lasts hours can lead to the release of a year’s worth of emissions into the atmosphere, according to John Hague, Aspen Technology Inc.

One type of innovative inspection process is Rapid Ultrasonic Gridding (aka RUG), which creates data-rich visual grid maps that identify areas of corrosion and other damage mechanisms. It is 10 times faster than traditional gridding and competing methods. In most situations, the operator can quickly make the decision of whether to proceed with maintenance measures to resolve the issue, or to return the inspected asset to operation.

Read more at Gecko Robotics Blog

Getting Industrial About The Hybrid Computing And AI Revolution


Author: Jeffrey Burt

Topics: IIoT, machine learning, reinforcement learning

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: Beyond Limits

Beyond Limits is applying such techniques as deep reinforcement learning (DRL), using a framework to train a reinforcement learning agent to make optimal sequential recommendations for placing wells. It also uses reservoir simulations and novel deep convolutional neural networks to work. The agent takes in the data and learns from the various iterations of the simulator, allowing it to reduce the number of possible combinations of moves after each decision is made. By remembering what it learned from the previous iterations, the system can more quickly whittle the choices down to the one best answer.

Read more at The Next Platform

IIoT builds new bridges to new adventures


Author: Jim Montague

Topics: IIoT

Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: Engenuity, Shell, Opto 22

Engenuity Inc. in Conroe, Tex., provides control automation and data integration for oil and gas and other industries, and recently found deficiencies in validation pressure testing of blowout preventers (BOP) and well-control devices. Because pressure tests are needed every few weeks for regulatory compliance, executed and recorded manually over several hours, and can cost up to $6 per second to run in offshore valve arrays, testing can cost millions of dollars per year. To reduce these expenses, Engenuity collaborated with clients like Shell International Exploration and Production Co., and developed automated, hydrostatic, test execution and reporting solutions, which use Opto 22’s groov Edge Programmable Industrial Controller (EPIC) for process control, automatic notification, and process history storage and replication.

Read more at Control Global

Why resources companies are looking to evented APIs


Author: Ryan Grondal

Topics: industrial control system

Vertical: Mining, Petroleum and Coal

Organizations: MuleSoft

Resources companies that want to get the most value from their data will process it the instant that it is created. The longer that data is left unprocessed, the more it diminishes in value. Operational excellence can be driven by evented APIs that can produce, detect, consume, and react to events occurring within the technology ecosystem.

Evented APIs can be applied to our example use case to deliver an autonomous feedback loop that incorporates smarter decision making in real-time.

Read more at MuleSoft Blog