Large Language Model

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C.H. Robinson Introduces AI Technology to Automate Email Interactions

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: CH Robinson

Logistics management company C.H. Robinson has automated email transactions with shippers using generative e artificial intelligence large language models (LLM), to offer shippers who use email the same speed-to market and cost savings as shippers who are more digitally connected to the company.

The technology classifies incoming email, reads it and replicates the steps a person would take to fulfill a customer’s request. For example, shippers often still choose to send an email asking for a price quote rather than log into a digital platform. On an average business day, the global logistics company receives over 11,000 emails from customers and carriers requesting pricing on truckload freight.

Read more at Supply Chain Brain

Large language model based agent for process planning of fiber composite structures

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Composite Lay-up, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Fraunhofer Institute for Casting

Process planning is a crucial activity, connecting product development and manufacturing of fiber composite structures. Recently published Large Language Models (LLM) promise more flexible and autonomous workflows compared to state of the art automation methods. An autonomous agent for process planning of fiber composite structures is implemented with the LangChain framework, based on OpenAI’s GPT-4 language model. The agent is equipped with deterministic tools which encode a-priori process planning knowledge. It can handle different process planning problems, such as cycle time estimation and resource allocation. Combinations thereof are solved through executing a multi-step solution path.

The agent is supposed to solve these problems autonomously:

  1. Time Estimation - Estimate the cycle time, i.e., duration from start to end, for a manufacturing task.
  2. Process Chains - Determine which tasks are required in which order to manufacture a specific component.
  3. Resource Allocation - Identify the resources, e.g. machines, required to manufacture a specific component.
  4. Integrated Planning - Estimate the total cycle time for a chain of tasks required to manufacture a component.

Read more at Manufacturing Letters

Customize large language models with oil and gas terminology using Amazon Bedrock

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Walt Mayfield, Felipe Lopez

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model

🏭 Vertical: Petroleum and Coal

🏢 Organizations: AWS, Equinor

The Norwegian multinational energy company Equinor has made Volve dataset, a set of drilling reports available for research, study, and development purposes. (When using external data, be sure to abide by the license the data is offered under.) The dataset contains 1,759 daily drilling reports—each containing both hourly comments and a daily summary—from the Volve field in the North Sea. Drilling rig supervisors tend to use domain-specific terminology and grammar when describing operations in both the hourly comments and the daily summary. This terminology is standard in the industry, which is why fine-tuning a foundation model using these reports is likely to improve summarization accuracy by enhancing the LLM’s ability to understand jargon and speak like a drilling engineer.

Generative AI has the potential to improve efficiency by automating time-consuming tasks even in domains that require deep knowledge of industry-specific nomenclature and acronyms. Having a custom model that provides drilling engineers with a draft of daily activities has the potential to save hours of work every week. Model customization can also help energy and utilities customers in other applications that involve the generation of highly technical content, as is the case of geological analyses, maintenance reports, and shift handover reports.

Read more at AWS Blog

Introducing Materials.AI: Your AI Assistant for Material Selection

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: ChatGPT, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Fictiv

With advances in material science and manufacturing technologies like 3D printing, it can be overwhelming (not to mention time-consuming) to find the right material for your project needs. That’s why we created Materials.AI: a first-of-its-kind artificial intelligence assistant, powered by ChatGPT and Fictiv’s expansive manufacturing database, to help you navigate the complex landscape of plastic and metal materials.

Read more at Fictiv Articles

Quality Execution System® – two use cases in the European metals industries

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: ChatGPT, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: SMS Group, Speira, TATA Steel

Data from various automation levels is consolidated to represent each coil, bridging the gap between the physical and digital realms. This requires data to be transmitted flawlessly, enabling the virtual coil to mirror the physical coil. As the coil progresses through the production route, a digital counterpart is created at each stage of the process. The Quality Execution System (QES®) is designed to gather, combine, and examine all the data pertaining to a coil, thereby establishing the foundation for its digital twin.

Speira, a leading European aluminum rolling and recycling company, is expanding the QES® application ‘Automatic Coil Grading & Release and Genealogy’ to two of its strip coating line routes as part of a long-term digitalization initiative it launched earlier. Speira’s aluminum rolling mill in Grevenbroich, Germany stands for high-quality automotive, beverage can, foil and lithographic products.

TATA Steel, the second largest European steel manufacturer, is also expanding cooperation with SMS as part of a long-term and early-started digitalization initiative. TATA started with their automated coil release at the cold mill in 2012. One of the main goals was to improve the utilization of surface inspection data and conduct post-processing. TATA invested in the automatic coil release for the DSP (direct sheet plant) and Hot Mill shortly after. The Cold Mill now started implementing the PDW part of the DataFactory. Wouter Overgaauw, Manager Quality Assurance Cold Rolling Mill Ijmuiden, states: “The amount of measurement data is steadily increasing, the possibilities for data-driven applications are improving, the PDW gives us the possibility to make better use of both data and applications.”

Read more at SMS Group Insights

A Unified Industrial Large Knowledge Model Framework in Smart Manufacturing

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Jay Lee, Hanqi Su

🔖 Topics: Digital Twin, Large Language Model, Industrial Large Knowledge Model

🏢 Organizations: University of Maryland

The recent emergence of large language models (LLMs) shows the potential for artificial general intelligence, revealing new opportunities in industry 4.0 and smart manufacturing. However, a notable gap exists in applying these LLMs in industry, primarily due to their training on general knowledge rather than domain-specific knowledge. Such specialized domain knowledge is vital for effectively addressing the complex needs of industrial applications. To bridge this gap, this paper proposes an Industrial Large Knowledge Model (ILKM) framework emphasizing their potential to revolutionize the industry in smart manufacturing. In addition, ILKMs and LLMs are compared from eight perspectives. Finally, “6S Principle” is proposed as the guideline for the development of ILKMs in smart manufacturing.

Read more at arXiv

Can ChatGPT Create Usable G-Code Programs?

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Julia Hider

🔖 Topics: ChatGPT, Large Language Model, Computer Numerical Control

🏢 Organizations: CAMInstructor

Mike Wearne is an educational content creator at CAMInstructor, has a take on the GPT-3 G-code. “If we use a basic program that’s a drill four holes sort of thing, and compare this to someone who’s just learning G code, I would say it’s not bad,” he says. “I would give it a low B or a high C.” The overall structure was there — it put the right codes in the right places, such as G20 and G21 to switch between metric and imperial units, and G90 for absolute positioning at the top of the program. “If you’re new to G-code programming, those are usually the tough things to remember and to get in the right spot,” he notes. However, it was missing some elements, such as tool changes and spindle speeds.

Wearne also noticed a marked improvement in the G code GPT-4 produces. “It’s like GPT-4 can think more about its answers and GPT-3.5 just spits out whatever it comes up with as quick as it can,” he explains. With its most recent update, Wearne says it can program simple parts almost perfectly. Whereas GPT-3 was getting a high C or low B as a grade for its code, “For the simple parts, if we’re in G-code 101, GPT-4 is getting an A,” he says.

Read more at Modern Machine Shop

Creative Robot Tool Use with Large Language Models

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Peide Huang, Mengdi Xu

🔖 Topics: Machine Tool, Large Language Model, Industrial Robot

🏢 Organizations: Carnegie Melon

We introduce RoboTool, enabling robots to use tools creatively with large language models, which solves long-horizon hybrid discrete-continuous planning problems with the environment- and embodiment-related constraints.

In this work, we are interested in solving language-instructed long-horizon robotics tasks with implicitly activated physical constraints. By providing LLMs with adequate numerical semantic information in natural language, we observe that LLMs can identify the activated constraints induced by the spatial layout of objects in the scene and the robot’s embodiment limits, suggesting that LLMs may maintain knowledge and reasoning capability about the 3D physical world. Furthermore, our comprehensive tests reveal that LLMs are not only adept at employing tools to transform otherwise unfeasible tasks into feasible ones but also display creativity in using tools beyond their conventional functions, based on their material, shape, and geometric features.

Read more at CMU ML Blog

LLM-based Control Code Generation using Image Recognition

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Heiko Koziolek, Anne Koziolek

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model, ChatGPT, Programmable Logic Controller

🏢 Organizations: ABB, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eastman Chemical

LLM-based code generation could save significant manual efforts in industrial automation, where control engineers manually produce control logic for sophisticated production processes. Previous attempts in control logic code generation lacked methods to interpret schematic drawings from process engineers. Recent LLMs now combine image recognition, trained domain knowledge, and coding skills. We propose a novel LLM-based code generation method that generates IEC 61131-3 Structure Text control logic source code from Piping-and-Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs) using image recognition. We have evaluated the method in three case study with industrial P&IDs and provide first evidence on the feasibility of such a code generation besides experiences on image recognition glitches.

Read more at arXiv

AI for industry: Schaeffler and Siemens bring Industrial Copilot to shopfloor

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🔖 Topics: Partnership, Large Language Model, Programmable Logic Controller

🏢 Organizations: Schaeffler, Siemens

To support engineers with various automation tasks, the AI-powered assistant is connected to Siemens’ engineering framework Totally Integrated Automation (TIA) Portal via the open API TIA Portal Openness. The Industrial Copilot helps Schaeffler’s automation engineers to generate code faster for programmable logic controllers (PLC), the devices that control most machines throughout the world’s factories. Engineering teams can significantly reduce time, effort, and the probability of errors by generating PLC code through natural language inputs.

Siemens Industrial Copilot has access to all relevant documentation, guidelines and manuals to assist shopfloor workers with identifying possible errors. These capabilities enable maintenance teams to identify errors and generate step-by-step solutions more quickly. This will help to significantly reduce machine downtime, make industrial companies more efficient and thus support sustainability efforts.

Read more at Siemens Press

TwinCAT Chat integrates LLMs into the automation environment

Generative AI for Process Systems Engineering

Unleashing the Potential of Large Language Models in Robotics: RoboDK’s Virtual Assistant

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model, Virtual Assistant

🏢 Organizations: RoboDK

The RoboDK Virtual Assistant is the first step towards a comprehensive generalized assistant for RoboDK. At its core is OpenAI’s GPT3.5-turbo-0613 model. The model is provided with additional context about RoboDK in the form of an indexed database containing the RoboDK website, documentation, forum threads, blog posts, and more. The indexing process is done with LlamaIndex, a specialized data framework designed for this purpose. Thanks to this integration, the Virtual Assistant can swiftly provide valuable technical support to over 75% of user queries on the RoboDK forum, reducing the time spent searching through the website and documentation via manual methods. Users can expect to have an answer to their question in 5 seconds or less.

Read more at RoboDK Blog

Fast and efficient PLC code generation and more with artificial intelligence

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model, Programmable Logic Controller, ChatGPT

🏢 Organizations: Beckhoff

TwinCAT Chat was developed to offer users a clear advantage over the conventional use of, for example, ChatGPT in the web browser. The key added value lies in its deep integration, especially with regard to the specialized requirements of the automation industry. The core features include the direct integration of the chat function into the development environment (IDE). This greatly simplifies the development process, as communication and code exchange are seamlessly integrated. Furthermore, the basic initialization of our model has been tailored specifically to TwinCAT requests. This way you can ask your specific questions directly and don’t have to tell the model that you are using TwinCAT and expect the code examples in Structured Text. Another highlight is the ability to easily adopt generated code. This not only saves developers time, but also reduces human errors that can occur during manual transfers. Interaction with TwinCAT Chat has been designed in such a way that the need to type commands is reduced to a minimum. Instead, the user can simply click on pre-tested requests that are specifically designed to improve their workflow. These requests include actions such as:

  • Optimize: The system can make suggestions to increase the performance or improve the efficiency of the code.
  • Document: TwinCAT Chat helps to create comments and documentation so that the code is easier for other team members to understand.
  • Complete: If code fragments are missing or incomplete, our system can generate suggestions to complete them to ensure functionality.
  • Refactoring: TwinCAT Chat can refactor code according to certain guidelines and policies so that it is more in line with company guidelines.

Overall, this system provides an efficient and intuitive user interface that greatly facilitates the development process.

Read more at Beckhoff News

Silicon Volley: Designers Tap Generative AI for a Chip Assist

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Rick Merritt

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model, Computer-aided Design, Chip Design, Virtual Assistant

🏭 Vertical: Semiconductor

🏢 Organizations: NVIDIA

The work demonstrates how companies in highly specialized fields can train large language models (LLMs) on their internal data to build assistants that increase productivity.

The paper details how NVIDIA engineers created for their internal use a custom LLM, called ChipNeMo, trained on the company’s internal data to generate and optimize software and assist human designers. Long term, engineers hope to apply generative AI to each stage of chip design, potentially reaping significant gains in overall productivity, said Ren, whose career spans more than 20 years in EDA. After surveying NVIDIA engineers for possible use cases, the research team chose three to start: a chatbot, a code generator and an analysis tool.

On chip-design tasks, custom ChipNeMo models with as few as 13 billion parameters match or exceed performance of even much larger general-purpose LLMs like LLaMA2 with 70 billion parameters. In some use cases, ChipNeMo models were dramatically better.

Read more at NVIDIA Blog

Eureka! NVIDIA Research Breakthrough Puts New Spin on Robot Learning

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Angie Lee

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model, Industrial Robot, Reinforcement Learning

🏢 Organizations: NVIDIA

A new AI agent developed by NVIDIA Research that can teach robots complex skills has trained a robotic hand to perform rapid pen-spinning tricks — for the first time as well as a human can. The Eureka research, published today, includes a paper and the project’s AI algorithms, which developers can experiment with using NVIDIA Isaac Gym, a physics simulation reference application for reinforcement learning research. Isaac Gym is built on NVIDIA Omniverse, a development platform for building 3D tools and applications based on the OpenUSD framework. Eureka itself is powered by the GPT-4 large language model.

Read more at NVIDIA Blog

New Foundations: Controlling robots with natural language

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Industrial Robot, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: PCH Innovations, Sereact

The integration of Large Language Models (LLMs) in robotics is a rapidly evolving field, with numerous projects pushing the boundaries of what’s possible. These projects are not just isolated experiments, but pieces of a larger puzzle that collectively paint a picture of a future where robots are more intelligent, adaptable and interactive.

SayCan and Code as Policies are two early papers that indicate how an LLM can understand a task in natural language and create actions from it. “Code as Policies” leverages the ability of LLMs to output code and demonstrate how the language model can produce the actual code to perform a robotic action.

Instruct2Act connects the sense-making ability with vision capabilities. This way the robotic application (in this case a simulation) can identify, localize and segment (define object outlines for the best grabbing position) known or unknown objects according to the task. Similarly, NL-MAP connects the “SayCan” project with a mapping step, where the robot scans a room for objects before it can output tasks. The TidyBot research project focuses on a real world application for LLMs and robotics. A team at Princeton university developed a robot that can tidy up a room. It adapts to personal preferences (”socks in 3rd drawer on the right”) and benefits from general language understanding. For example, it knows that trash should go into the trash bin because it was trained on internet-scale language data.

Interactive Language achieves robotic actions from spoken commands by training a neural network on demonstrated moves connected with language and vision data.

While much of the work related to this technology is still in its early stages and limited to lab research, some applications such as PickGPT from logistics company Sereact’s, are starting to show the vast commercial potential.

Read more at PCH Innovations on Medium

Making Conversation: Using AI to Extract Intel from Industrial Machinery and Equipment

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Rehana Begg

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model, Generative AI

🏭 Vertical: Automotive

🏢 Organizations: iNAGO

What if your machine could talk? This is the question Ron Di Carlantonio has grappled with since he founded iNAGO 1998. iNAGO was onboard when the Government of Canada supported a lighthouse project led by the Automotive Parts Manufacturers’ Association (APMA) to design, engineer and build a connected and autonomous zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) concept car and its digital twin that would validate and integrate autonomous technologies. The electric SUV is equipped with a dual-motor powertrain with total output of 550 hp and 472 lb-ft of torque.

The general use of AI-based solutions in the automotive industry stretches across the lifecycle of a vehicle, from design and manufacturing to sales and aftermarket care. AI-powered chatbots, in particular, deliver instant, personalized virtual driver assistance, are on call 27/7 and can evolve with the preferences of tech-savvy drivers. Di Carlantonio now sees an opportunity to extend the use of the intelligent assistant platform to the smart factory by making industrial equipment—CNC machines, presses, conveyors, industrial robots—talk.

Read more at Machine Design

Solution Accelerator: LLMs for Manufacturing

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Will Block, Ramdas Murali, Nicole Lu, Bala Amavasai

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Databricks

In this solution accelerator, we focus on item (3) above, which is the use case on augmenting field service engineers with a knowledge base in the form of an interactive context-aware Q/A session. The challenge that manufacturers face is how to build and incorporate data from proprietary documents into LLMs. Training LLMs from scratch is a very costly exercise, costing hundreds of thousands if not millions of dollars.

Instead, enterprises can tap into pre-trained foundational LLM models (like MPT-7B and MPT-30B from MosaicML) and augment and fine-tune these models with their proprietary data. This brings down the costs to tens, if not hundreds of dollars, effectively a 10000x cost saving.

Read more at Databricks Blog

The treacherous path to trustworthy Generative AI for Industry

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Geir Engdahl

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Cognite

Despite the awesome first impact ChatGPT showed and the already significant efficiency gain programming copilots are delivering to developers as users2, making LLMs serve non-developers – the vast majority of the workforce, that is – by having LLMs translate from natural language prompts to API or database queries, expecting readily usable analytics outputs, is not quite so straightforward. Three primary challenges are:

  • Inconsistency of prompts to completions (no deterministic reproducibility between LLM inputs and outputs)
  • Nearly impossible to audit or explain LLM answers (once trained, LLMs are black boxes)
  • Coverage gap on niche domain areas that typically matter most to enterprise users (LLMs are trained on large corpora of internet data, heavily biased towards more generalist topics)

Read more at Cognite Blog

Lumafield Introduces Atlas, an AI Co-Pilot for Engineers

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Lumafield

Lumafield today unveiled Atlas, a groundbreaking AI co-pilot that helps engineers work faster by answering questions and solving complex engineering and manufacturing challenges using plain language. Atlas is a new tool in Voyager, Lumafield’s cloud-based software for analyzing 3D scan and industrial CT scan data. Along with Atlas, Lumafield announced a major expansion of Voyager’s capabilities, including the ability to upload, analyze, and share data from any 3D scanner.

Read more at Lumafield Articles

Cadence Design Is Working With Renesas To Build The World’s First LLM Tool For Up-Front Chip Design

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Karl Freund

🔖 Topics: Partnership, ChatGPT, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Cadence, Renesas

Cadence has been aggressively rolling out reinforcement learning-based tools to help chip design teams accelerate the processes of digital design, debugging, verification, PCB layout, and multi-physics optimization. Customers have been eating it up, especially the physical design optimizer “Cerebrus” and the underlying cross-platform consolidated database, “JedAI.”

Now, the company has focused on the most challenging part of designing a chip: defining the specs and creating the first clean version of the design that drives the rest of the entire workflow. Renesas and Cadence have collaborated to develop a novel approach to address the up-front design work by leveraging LLMs, significantly reducing the time and effort from specification to final design. The chip design verification, debugging, and implementation phases remain the same today. They call this accelerating “Correct by Construction” design methodology.

Using an LLM, the team can demonstrate interrogating the plan for compliance with specifications and other design and project documents, in areas such as IP connections for data, control, and test, and other requirements specified in the IP and chip level specifications. These steps of cleaning the design code can take individual engineers and the team weeks of design time and hundreds of meetings to reduce the number of bugs they encounter during the simulation and implementation stages of the project. By using an LLM, Cadence hopes to significantly streamline this process.

Read more at Forbes

🦾 Doosan Robotics to develop GPT-based collaborative robots

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Mi-Sun Kang

🔖 Topics: Partnership, Cobot, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Doosan, Microsoft, Open AI

Doosan Robotics, a subsidiary of South Korea’s Doosan Group specializing in robot solutions, is venturing into the development of collaborative robot solutions using AI-based GPT (generative pre-trained transformer) technology to enhance its software capabilities.

Doosan Robotics announced it has entered into a business agreement with Microsoft and Doosan Digital Innovation to develop a GPT-based robot control system” utilizing Microsoft’s Azure OpenAI service. Azure OpenAI provides cloud services that include cutting-edge open AI systems, including GPT.

Doosan Robotics plans to apply GPT to its collaborative robots, enabling them to autonomously correct errors and perform tasks. Once the solution is developed, programming time will be reduced, leading to improved operational efficiency and utility.

Read more at Korea Economic Daily

🖨️ AI and 3D printing: Ai Build’s Daghan Cam and Luke Rogers on simplifying large-format 3D printing with AI

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Additive Manufacturing, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: AI Build, KUKA, Meltio, Evo 3D, Massive Dimension, Boeing, Weir Group

Ai Build has already partnered with a number of leading 3D printer hardware manufacturers, including Hans Weber Maschinenfabrik, Meltio, KUKA, Evo3D, CEAD, and Massive Dimension. Through these partnerships, the company incorporates a wide range of large-format 3D printers into their Ai Lab workshop. Here, the hardware is used to test, develop, verify, and integrate Ai Build’s software for a growing range of applications. Whilst Cam could not disclose too many names, global engineering solutions firm Weir Group and aerospace manufacturer Boeing were pinpointed as key customers employing AiSync software.

Ai Build’s key product is its AiSync software, an AI-driven toolpath optimization and quality control platform. Regarding toolpath optimization, it was announced earlier this year that Ai Build had developed a process which allows users to create advanced 3D printing toolpaths using natural language prompts. This feature, called Talk to AiSync, allows users to input simple text, such as “slice the part with 2mm layer height.” This text is then translated into machine instructions to produce the desired 3D printed part.

Key to this feature is large language AI models. AiSync uses OpenAI on the back end, with GPT-4 running the software’s natural language processing. “With the addition of large language models, we are able to translate simple English words, plain sentences, into a stack of workflow that we create on our software,” explained Cam. “The goal is to make it super accessible to inexperienced users by making the user experience really smooth.”

Read more at 3D Printing Industry

Retentive Network: A Successor to Transformer for Large Language Models

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Yutao Sun, Li Dong, Shaohan Huang, Shuming Ma, Yuqing Xia, Jilong Xue, Jianyong Wang, Furu Wei

🔖 Topics: Retentive Network, Transformer, Large Language Model, Generative AI

In this work, we propose Retentive Network (RetNet) as a foundation architecture for large language models, simultaneously achieving training parallelism, low-cost inference, and good performance. We theoretically derive the connection between recurrence and attention. Then we propose the retention mechanism for sequence modeling, which supports three computation paradigms, i.e., parallel, recurrent, and chunkwise recurrent. Specifically, the parallel representation allows for training parallelism. The recurrent representation enables low-cost O(1) inference, which improves decoding throughput, latency, and GPU memory without sacrificing performance. The chunkwise recurrent representation facilitates efficient long-sequence modeling with linear complexity, where each chunk is encoded parallelly while recurrently summarizing the chunks. Experimental results on language modeling show that RetNet achieves favorable scaling results, parallel training, low-cost deployment, and efficient inference. The intriguing properties make RetNet a strong successor to Transformer for large language models.

Read more at arXiv

LongNet: Scaling Transformers to 1,000,000,000 Tokens

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Jiayu Ding, Shuming Ma, Li Dong, Xingxing Zhang, Shaohan Huang, Wenhui Wang, Nanning Zheng, Furu Wei

🔖 Topics: Transformer, Large Language Model, Generative AI

Scaling sequence length has become a critical demand in the era of large language models. However, existing methods struggle with either computational complexity or model expressivity, rendering the maximum sequence length restricted. To address this issue, we introduce LongNet, a Transformer variant that can scale sequence length to more than 1 billion tokens, without sacrificing the performance on shorter sequences. Specifically, we propose dilated attention, which expands the attentive field exponentially as the distance grows. LongNet has significant advantages: 1) it has a linear computation complexity and a logarithm dependency between any two tokens in a sequence; 2) it can be served as a distributed trainer for extremely long sequences; 3) its dilated attention is a drop-in replacement for standard attention, which can be seamlessly integrated with the existing Transformer-based optimization. Experiments results demonstrate that LongNet yields strong performance on both long-sequence modeling and general language tasks. Our work opens up new possibilities for modeling very long sequences, e.g., treating a whole corpus or even the entire Internet as a sequence.

Read more at arXiv

Training ChatGPT on Omniverse Visual Scripting Using Prompt Engineering

Palantir AIP | Defense and Military

What does it take to talk to your Industrial Data in the same way we talk to ChatGPT?

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Jason Schern

🔖 Topics: Generative AI, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Cognite

The vast data set used to train LLMs is curated in various ways to provide clean, contextualized data. Contextualized data includes explicit semantic relationships within the data that can greatly affect the quality of the model’s output. Contextualizing the data we provide as input to an LLM ensures that the text consumed is relevant to the task at hand. For example, when prompting an LLM to provide information about operating industrial assets, the data provided to the LLM should include not only the data and documents related to those assets but also the explicit and implicit semantic relationships across different data types and sources.

An LLM is trained by parceling text data into smaller collections, or chunks, that can be converted into embeddings. An embedding is simply a sophisticated numerical representation of the ‘chunk’ of text that takes into consideration the context of surrounding or related information. This makes it possible to perform mathematical calculations to compare similarities, differences, and patterns between different ‘chunks’ to infer relationships and meaning. These mechanisms enable an LLM to learn a language and understand new data that it has not seen previously.

Read more at Cognite Blog

How ChatGPT Programmed an Industrial Robot

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Industrial Robot, ChatGPT, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: ABAGY, Yaskawa

Our initial challenge for ChatGPT involved programming the Yaskawa robot to perform a wire cut. This is a very simple task. However, ChatGPT isn’t intrinsically familiar with the INFORM programming language, which is integral to Yaskawa robots. As such, our first step was to delineate the fundamental commands of this language.

Furthermore, ChatGPT had no understanding of the physical robot, its movements, or the typical process of wire-cutting. To address this, we established several coordinates using the robot’s teach pendant and outlined the basic principles of operation.

With these prerequisites met, we put forward our request for ChatGPT to create the required program. The AI successfully rose to the challenge, generating a program that we then transferred to the robot for a test run. The outcome was encouraging, with the robot effectively performing the wire-cutting task as directed.

Read more at ABAGY Blog

How Large-Language Models Can Revolutionize Military Planning

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Benjamin Jensen, Dan Tadross

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model

🏭 Vertical: Defense

🏢 Organizations: Scale AI

What happens when you give military planners access to large-language models and other artificial intelligence and machine-learning applications? Will the planner embrace the ability to rapidly synthesize diffuse data streams or ignore the tools in favor of romanticized views of military judgment as a coup d’œil? Can a profession still grappling to escape its industrial-age iron cage and bureaucratic processes integrate emerging technologies and habits of mind that are more inductive than deductive?

A team that includes a professor from Marine Corps University and a portfolio manager from Scale AI share our efforts to bridge new forms of data synthesis with foundational models of military decision-making. Based on this pilot effort, we see clear and tangible ways to integrate large-language models into the planning process. This effort will require more than just buying software. It will require revisiting how we approach epistemology in the military professional. The results suggest a need to expand the use of large-language models alongside new methods of instruction that help military professionals understand how to ask questions and interrogate the results. Skepticism is a virtue in the 21st century.

Read more at War on the Rocks

Will Generative AI finally turn data swamps into contextualized operations insight machines?

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model, Generative AI

🏢 Organizations: Cognite

Generative AI, such as ChatGPT/GPT-4, has the potential to put industrial digital transformation into hyperdrive. Whereas a process engineer might spend several hours performing “human contextualization” (at an hourly rate of $140 or more) manually – again and again – contextualized industrial knowledge graphs provide the trusted data relationships that enable Generative AI to accurately navigate and interpret data for Operators without requiring data engineering or coding competencies.

Read more at Cognite Blog

Can Large Language Models Enhance Efficiency In Industrial Robotics?

📅 Date:

✍️ Author: Dmitry Golitsyn

🔖 Topics: AI, Large Language Model, Industrial Robot

🏢 Organizations: ABAGY

One of the factors that slow down the penetration of industrial robots into manufacturing is the complexity of human-to-machine interfaces. This is where large language models, such as ChatGPT developed by OpenAI, come in. Large language models are a cutting-edge artificial intelligence technology that can understand and respond to human language at times almost indistinguishable from human conversation. Its versatility has been proven in applications ranging from chatbots to language translation and even creative writing.

It turns out that large language models are quite effective at generating teach pendant programs for a variety of industrial robots, such as KUKA, FANUC, Yaskawa, ABB and others.

Read more at Forbes

ChatGPT for Robotics: Design Principles and Model Abilities

📅 Date:

✍️ Authors: Sai Vemprala, Rogerio Bonatti, Arthur Bucker, Ashish Kapoor

🔖 Topics: ChatGPT, Industrial Robot, Large Language Model

🏢 Organizations: Microsoft

ChatGPT unlocks a new robotics paradigm, and allows a (potentially non-technical) user to sit on the loop, providing high-level feedback to the large language model (LLM) while monitoring the robot’s performance. By following our set of design principles, ChatGPT can generate code for robotics scenarios. Without any fine-tuning we leverage the LLM’s knowledge to control different robots form factors for a variety of tasks. In our work we show multiple examples of ChatGPT solving robotics puzzles, along with complex robot deployments in the manipulation, aerial, and navigation domains.

Read more at Microsoft Research

Pathways Language Model (PaLM): Scaling to 540 Billion Parameters for Breakthrough Performance

📅 Date:

🔖 Topics: Large Language Model, Transformer

🏢 Organizations: Google

Last year Google Research announced our vision for Pathways, a single model that could generalize across domains and tasks while being highly efficient. An important milestone toward realizing this vision was to develop the new Pathways system to orchestrate distributed computation for accelerators. In “PaLM: Scaling Language Modeling with Pathways”, we introduce the Pathways Language Model (PaLM), a 540-billion parameter, dense decoder-only Transformer model trained with the Pathways system, which enabled us to efficiently train a single model across multiple TPU v4 Pods. We evaluated PaLM on hundreds of language understanding and generation tasks, and found that it achieves state-of-the-art few-shot performance across most tasks, by significant margins in many cases.

Read more at Google AI Blog